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Arctic Seminar Series: China’s Practices and Policies in the Arctic

PhD student Richard Xing from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and visiting scholar at the Department of Law presents his research

2016.09.05 | Susanna Pakkasmaa

Date Wed 12 Oct
Time 14:00 15:00
Location ARC, Ny Munkegade 114, Building 1540, meeting room 1540-020

Richard Xing is PhD candidate at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. During 2016-17, he is visiting the Department of Law at Aarhus University. He is also research assistant at Centre for Polar and Deep Ocean Development. In Arctic Seminar Series, he presents his PhD project:

China’s Practices and Policies in the Arctic: Respect, Cooperation and Win-win

China started to turn its eyes to the Arctic as early as 90 years ago. In 1925, it acceded to the Svalbard Treaty, which marked the beginning of China's participation in Arctic affairs. Since the 1990s, China's involvement in Arctic activities has been expanding both in depth and breadth in the areas of scientific research, environmental protection and shipping. Regarding the development of Arctic resources, China started late with only a few Chinese businesses joining relevant programs through partnership with foreign companies. With respect to the indigenous community in the Arctic region, China respects their traditions and culture and take seriously their concerns and needs.

The changing natural environment and resources exploration of the Arctic have direct impact on China's climate, environment, agriculture, shipping, trade as well as social and economic development. On such basis, China insists on six specific policies regarding Arctic affairs:

  1. further explore and understand the Arctic;
  2. protect and rationally use the Arctic;
  3. respect the inherent rights of Arctic countries and the indigenous people;
  4. respect the rights of non-Arctic countries and the overall interests of the international community;
  5. build a multi-tiered Arctic cooperation framework for win-win results;
  6. uphold the Arctic governance system based on existing international law.

Considering the Arctic management on three different levels: state level, which focuses on the cooperation and conflicts between Arctic countries; regional level, which treats the Arctic Ocean as a semi-enclosed sea and establishes a regional entity with law making capacity; and global level for the world to work together on the following subjects: climate change, biodiversity, shipping and other navigational activities, international security and marine scientific research. As an Arctic Council observer state, China participate the Arctic management with global concerns in this increasingly globalized world.

Regarding the practices and policies of China to the Arctic issues, China’s role in Arctic is a constructive participant and a partner of cooperation.

Arctic Research Centre